Mental disorders, which are increasingly present in the modern population, can lead to significant levels of impairment in global functioning. Carrying out daily and/or work activities, engaging in interpersonal relationships, paying attention to the environment can become very complicated for people affected by this type of disorder, which can also lead to significant physical as well as emotional malaise. The Santa Croce Clinic provides a multidisciplinary team integrated according to the bio-psycho-social model, highly qualified to take charge and care of people with different types and intensity of mental disorders.
Patients with clinical depression present for most of the day states of sadness, despair, or a tendency to cry and lose hope for the future. In some subjects there is also a decrease in interest or pleasure for most of the activities that previously interested or gave pleasure, a sense of continuous tiredness and demotivation.
The disorder is characterized by a loss of contact with reality with symptoms that are defined as “productive” such as: hallucinations mainly auditory or visual (for example commenting voices), delusions (attachment to false beliefs that cannot be rationally corrected), impairment of cognitive functioning, behavioral quirks and difficulties in interpersonal relationships.
Pathological anxiety can manifest itself in the form of a generalized feeling of worry (everything becomes unbearable), or panic (short periods in which one experiences the sensation of “going crazy” with important physiological correlates), or in the form of thoughts that invade the mind (obsessions). Very often it is accompanied by physical correlates called “somatizations”. The subject objectively has significant organic disorders (stomach pain, muscle tension, headache, etc.) which, however, have no medical justification other than anxiety.
Eating disorders are psychiatric disorders that often begin at a young age, predominantly in the female gender, and can have very heterogeneous prognoses. The fundamental characteristic of the disorder is excessive concern for one’s weight and physical fitness (often with dysmorphophobia: alteration of the body image), resulting in a serious alteration in eating behavior.
Individuals with borderline personality disorder often assume behaviors characterized by strong impulsiveness, affective ambivalence, reduced constancy and willpower, mood swings with possible episodes of direct self-hetero aggression, instability in mood and interpersonal relationships, feelings of empty anguish. It is often associated with drug or alcohol use.
Bipolar disorder is part of mood disorders and is characterized by swings of significant mood intensity: the patient can therefore alternate manic / hypomanic phases (hyperactivity, reduced need for sleep, psychomotor agitation, grandiosity, increased expenses,) in phases depressive (real depressive episodes) even on the same day and for no apparent reason. Between one period and another it is possible to have phases of euthymia (normal mood).
The addicted patient manifests a physiological / psychological and compulsive need to take a substance (often toxic) or behavior continuously to feel its effects or not to suffer the discomfort of its deprivation. Addictions manifest themselves in characteristic behaviors that include loss of control over the habit, risky and excessive use of the substance or isolation from social life.
Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Disorders on the autistic spectrum are considered to be a set (spectrum) of developmental disorders of the central nervous system that vary widely in terms of type and severity. Autism spectrum disorders are considered neurodevelopmental disorders, or conditions with neurological correlation that can interfere with the acquisition, retention or application of specific skills or sets of information.